Gingivitis refers the inflammation of gums. It’s a mild form of gum disease, usually caused by bacteria, and characterized by swelling, redness, and irritation of your gingiva (gum tissue).
If left untreated, this condition can develop into something worse or unbearable...
It can result in receding gums, transit to a severe condition known as periodontitis, and even cause tooth loss!
In this post, I’ll take you through some important details you need to know about gingivitis-from its causes, symptoms, and remedies.
As I’ve already mentioned in the opening part, gingivitis usually arises from poor oral hygiene- which promotes the formation of plaque on your teeth.
In turn, plaque leads to gingivitis as explained below:
Plaque refers to a sticky film that forms on your teeth. Usually composed of bacteria, this film is invisible and usually forms when sugar and starch in the foods/drinks you take interact with the bacteria in your mouth.
Because they form easily and quickly, you’ll have to remove them daily (via brushing and flossing).
Plaque develops into tartar
If you allow plaque to stay on your teeth for an extended period of time, it’ll harden under the gum line and become tartar (calculus) - a collection of bacteria. Calculus is quite tricky to remove, and acts as a protective shield for the bacteria, resulting in gum irritations.
This is the onset of gingivitis…as the plaque and tarter continue to accumulate on your teeth, they’ll keep causing irritations to your gum (gingiva, to be precise), resulting in inflammation and redness of the same.
In some cases, this can cause your gums to bleed or cause tooth decay as well.
Additional factors responsible for gingivitis:
Other than plaque and tartar, there are additional factors that might increase your risk of getting gingivitis. These include:
In a healthy state, your gums ought to be firm, with a pale pink color, and tightly fitted around your skin.
In case you experience the following changes on your gums, you could be suffering from gingivitis:
If you notice any of the signs and symptoms I’ve mentioned, I advise you to visit your dentist ASAP. Taking quick action will prevent the disease from causing scary damages to your gums and progressing into periodontitis.
After visiting your dentist, they’ll examine your gums to confirm that indeed you’re suffering from gingivitis.
After confirming this condition, the doctor will give you the appropriate treatment to help reverse the conditions.
The treatments will involve the following:
In addition to the medical treatment, you’d also want to take up the following home remedies for gingivitis:
Gingivitis refers to the inflammation of your gums. This is mainly caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth. There are also other risk factors that contribute to this issue.
If you suspect any of the signs/symptoms of gingivitis as listed in this post, it’s important to seek medical help immediately to prevent complications of this dental infection.
Practicing good oral health at home can go a long way in keeping your gums safe from this infection in the first place.